More than 3 out of 4 Americans suffer from periodontal (gum) disease. Most people have the less serious form, gingivitis, but between 5% and 15% of Americans suffer from the more serious, advanced stage of gum disease, called periodontitis. Bleeding gums is just one of the common signs of gum disease. If you have bleeding gums or other signs of gum disease, contact Philadelphia dentist Dr. Doray for a periodontal screening.
Causes of Gingivitis or Gum Disease
When you do not practice proper dental hygiene, plaque forms and builds up on the teeth and causes the gums to become inflamed and begin to bleed or feel sore. If gingivitis is caught early, it can be treated and even reversed. If left untreated, however, it progresses into gum disease. Gum disease is an infection in the gums that causes bone degradation, swollen and painful gums, and potential tooth loss.
Symptoms of Gum Disease
Many people with gingivitis do not experience any pain. It is important to know the symptoms of gingivitis to catch the condition early:
- Changes in the way the teeth fit together
- Formation of deep pockets between teeth and gums
- Bleeding gums during or after brushing
- Shifting teeth
- Persistent bad breath
- Red, swollen, or tender gums
How to Prevent Gum Disease
Taking care of your teeth and gums is the sole way to prevent gingivitis or gum disease:
- Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss daily
- Eat a well-balanced diet and avoid sugary, starchy foods
- Drink plenty of water
- Quit tobacco: cigarettes or any other form of tobacco
- If your teeth and gums or sensitive, avoid very hot or very cold foods or beverages
- Relax: stress can cause inflammation in the body, including in the gums
Treatment for Gum Disease
Over-the-counter or at-home remedies for bleeding gums are not a viable solution and gingivitis or gum disease should always be treated by a dentist. Depending on the condition of your gums, Dr. Doray can perform several treatment options.
Treatment for gingivitis is relatively simple. Plaque is removed from the teeth and gums through a dental cleaning. Antibacterial rinses may be recommended and patients are advised to follow the prevention tips.
Periodontal (Gum) Disease Treatment
If you have the advanced form of gum disease, Dr. Doray may need to perform more intensive treatments. These include root planing and scaling to remove bacteria from deep pockets of the gums. In extreme cases, surgery may be necessary.
Philadelphia based Dr. Doray is welcoming new and out of town patients. Call us at (215) 395-6076 to schedule a consultation to determine the best type of treatment for you.